Business models of mining machinery industry

Few concepts in business today are as widely discussedand as seldom systematically
studiedas the concept of business models. Many people attribute the success of companies
like eBay, Dell, and Amazon, for example, to the ways they used new technologiesnot just to
make their operations more efficientbut to create new business models altogether. In spite of all the talk about business models, however, there have been very few large-scale systematic empirical studies of them. We do not even know, for instance, how common the different kinds of business models are in the economy and whether some business models have better financial performance than others.
This paper provides a first attempt to answer these basic questions about business models.
To answer the questions, we first develop a comprehensive typology of four basic types of
business models and 16 specialized variations of these basic types. We hypothesize that this
typology can be used to classify any for-profit enterprise that exists in todays economy. As artial confirmation of this hypothesis, we classify the business models of the 1000 largest US enterprises. Finally, we analyze various kinds of financial performance data for the different kinds of business models to determine whether some models perform better than others. We find that some business models are much more common than others, and that some
do, indeed, perform better than others.
For example, the most common business models for large US companies involve selling ownership of assets to customers (e.g. manufacturers and distributors). However, in the time period of our study (fiscal year 2000), these business models perform less well (in terms of both profitability and market value) than business models in which customers usebut dont buyassets (e.g. landlords, lenders, publishers, and contractors).
This study does not answer other questions like why these differences exist, whether they
are changing over time, or how individual companies can exploit or modify their business
models to improve their performance. But we hope that the work described here will provide a
foundation for future work on these questions. >

With its high quality products such as , , , , , Henan Hongxing mining machinery Co.Ltd has ascended in the front rank of the world in the exporting of mining equipments.

Creative Fine Art Photography

Fine art photography is an artistic medium through which a photographer uses his or her creative vision to express the perceptions and emotions developed primarily for aesthetics and judged for its beauty and meaningfulness. Classification of photographs as fine art is difficult task as there are no standard factors involved, similar to other forms of art. Fine Art Photography is different from commercial photography as the latter is more concerned about the promotion of a product or service. It is also different from documentary photography as the latter is used to support any news or story. Fine art photography conveys a higher level of intensity and presents the subject in a different light form. The elements are seen for their form as separate entities rather than promoting a specific brand or product. This type of art photography takes a considerable amount of time, money and effort to develop and can be seen displayed in museums, art galleries and private collections. The quantity of such art photographs is produced in a limited number and each image is more expensive as compared to stock photographs. Modern fine art photography is an innovative form of photography and is concerned with design and concept rather than just capturing an event. Fine art nature photography is designed to communicate a message and put the subjects in the preferred light form. In this type of photography, the arrangement of visual elements is very important. Composition of lighting, color, tone, texture, depth, perspective and other elements help in communicating the message in the photograph.

Nature photography involves exploring and pondering the mysteries of nature. Capturing the beauty of nature and bringing the aesthetic value of natural habitat displaying elements such as landscapes, wildlife, plants and close-ups of natural scenes and textures is done in nature photography. Nature photography in countries like Australia with awe-inspiring beautiful landscapes consisting mainly of tropical rivers, mountain streams, lakes with low plateau areas sectioned off by rugged mountain ranges is a pleasurable experience for photographers. It is one of the most desired destinations for photography where birds flutter through the woodlands of national parks and dazzling flowers of exotic gardens enthrall with a diversity of colors and form in the Australian outback landscapes. The national library of Australia has one of the largest photographic collections of many eminent photographers and showcases the diverse images of Australia that includes seascapes, outback landscapes, country living photographs, cityscapes, rain forest photographs, wild life photographs and other artwork photographic collections.

The photography Australia group was formed to give professional and amateur photographers a platform to learn and foster the techniques in the field of photography. It also promotes the value and effectiveness of photography and offers a vast range of services with access to photography competitions, educational services, seminars, workshops, training courses, mentoring programs, exhibition opportunities, website development, marketing, event and exhibition planning and consultation services. For availing photography services in particular region of Australia, like for Photography Sydney services, many websites and local directories can help in guiding to the professional photographers with their price packages mentioned.

Paul Reiser Guests on Animal Radio

Stand-up Comedian, Actor, Writer, Musician Paul Reiser will be guest hosting Animal Radio.

Los Angeles, CA, December 27, 2013 – Stand-up Comedian, Actor, Writer, Musician Paul Reiser will be guest hosting America’s most-listened-to pet talk, Animal Radio, December 28th, airing on 108 AM/FM stations.

Paul Reiser was voted number 77 of the 100 Greatest Stand-Ups of All Time. -Two or three times a week I drive by the houses of numbers 78-100 just to rub it in,- he quips! He is also the author of the bestselling books Couplehood, Babyhood and Familyhood.

Currently, Paul has an 11-year-old Chocolate Lab named Bosco. When asked if he lets Bosco in the bed with him, Paul admits that he does, but stated, -In the last 10 months, he’s like Kobe, he just can’t quit leap the way he used to, so he’s not getting up. But, I would say he is suffering with the same incomplete leap. Also, I will give this to Kobe, my dog cannot dribble to his left. If he gets the ball, he kind of keeps it in his mouth. I mean my dog, not Kobe. Also, we don’t let Kobe in the bed. He’s a great guy, I admire his work, but he’s not getting on the bed.-

-Paul is a tremendous talent, witty and quick on his feet. He also has some great stories that he’ll share for the first time about his dog,- says Animal Radio Host Hal Abrams.

Paul will be joined by Actress Susan Olsen (Cindy on The Brady Bunch) for this special national broadcast December 28th, airing on 108 incredible AM-FM stations across the nation. Visit to find a local affiliate. This special program can also be heard on the Animal Radio App for iPhone and Android, iHeart Radio, Stitcher, TuneIn and iTunes.

Contact: Bob Roth Animal Radio Network LLC 699 Paula St. Morro Bay, California 93442 805-772-1314

What Do You Know About Stock Photography

Stock photography, groups of photographs that people take, grouped and licensed for selling purposes. Instead of taking new pictures every time they need pictures, many people use the stock photography method. People that work for magazines, as graphic artists, and advertising agencies sometimes use public pictures instead of hiring photographers for individual projects.

Alternate names for stock photography is picture libraries, photo archives or image banks. Typically, in order to use these pictures, although publicly available, there is a small fee or a purchasing of usage rights that comes with a fee in order to use the pictures. Sometimes a membership purchase allows you to have access to a particular group of stock photography.hy.

Saving time and money, stock photography is a great way to enhance newsletters, blogs, advertisements, company brochures and more. It is obviously less expensive than putting a full time photographer on staff and takes less time if you need images of something specific. Many times, it is as easy as using a search engine or checking an email.

Sometimes full rights and usage is available for purchase. Other times, full rights are limited. In those cases, photographers might be requiring that they receive a certain percentage of sales and or royalties of usage. Agencies usually hold the images on files and negotiate fees. With the technology and easy access that the internet provides, negotiations are quicker and easier.

The cost of using stock photos depends on how long the pictures will be used, what location the images will be used, if the original photographer wants royalties and how many people the photo will be distributed to or seen by. Prices for stock photography can be anywhere from one dollar to two hundred dollars.

There are several different pricing arrangements. Royalty free stock photography allows the buyer to use photographs multiple times in multiple ways. When you buy royalty free pictures, there is only a one-time charge for unlimited usage. When the images you purchase have a royalty free section, the agency is able to resell the image to others. If an image is rights managed, there is a negotiated price for each time that it is used.

Sometimes a buyer of stock photography might desire to have exclusive rights to the images. In that case, no one else will be able to use the pictures once exclusive rights have been purchased. It may cost thousands of dollars to purchase exclusive rights because agencies who handle the sales have to make sure that they are making a profitable sale. If a photograph would make more money staying in circulation, they would lose out selling exclusive rights.

Stock photographers sometimes work with agencies producing images for them alone. Different subjects and categories might need multiple varieties of images. Sometimes contributors work for multiple agencies selling their photographs for a fee. They work out arrangements for royalties or they sell their shots for full rights. This has proved to be a big business for photographers around the world.

Stock photography started in the early 1920s. It especially grew as its own specialty by the 1980s. Galleries hold hundreds, thousands and even millions of pictures available for purchase. Stock houses sprung up in many different places. By 2000, online stock photography became microstock photography, which we call photo archives online. Companies like istock photo and bigstock photo offer you the opportunity to purchase so many pictures and when you use them up you can add more credits for another fee. Photos that are distributed online are typically less expensive than those that are sold hard copy.

Websites like www.shutterpoint.com and www.fotolibra.com allow stock photographers to upload and sell their images. It is a great way to market pictures and earn money with photography. You can also purchase images at those websites as well. With all the stock photography sites available, one may find pictures you never even heard of before.

Text The Romance Back Michael Fiore Reviews Free Pdf Download

Text The Romance Back 2.0 With Michael Fiore Review
Text messages are the closest thing to telepathy we have says Fiore. Simply by pushing a few buttons on your cell phone you can create a private little fantasy world between you and your boyfriend or girlfriend, husband or wife where you can say or do anything without anyone else having a clue. Since early 2010, Michael Fiores been teaching men and women around the world. How to use simple text messages sent from your average cell phone to dramatically improve the romance, passion and connection in their relationships, no matter how dull things feel like theyve gotten so far. According to Michael, using the magic text messages, even a romantic numbskull can be turned into an absolute Prince Charming and convert even the busiest Ice Queen into your very own romantic kitten. Michael shared his formula with his married friends and friends in long term relationships, was astounded by the results, and decided he had to share his simple methods with the world. Text The Romance Back is an excellent system that can help singles and couples revive the initial romance of their relationships, build passion and intimacy and even work on some relationship problems they might have been experiencing. Michael Fiore has created a step-by-step guide (plus audio) that teaches you exactly what to say to get the romance, love and sex you want, no matter how busy you are or how long you two have been together. It seems tiny little text messages sent from a mobile phone can create the profound connection between you and your partner, no matter where you are. You will learn how to compose text messages that will create the warmth, the love that will invoke your exs sensual emotions and eventually bringing the both of you together once again. Also, youll find out whens the best time to send a text message, as well as exactly what kind of text message you should send, that will elicit a response from your ex. According to Fiore, text messaging is 100% private and can be done from anywhere, thus allowing a person to create the intimate channel with his or her partner.
Text The Romance Back is a simple tool that promises to give the all required jolt to your plain and boring love life. Want to bring in that passion in your love life, invest in Text The Romance Back! They provide a 60-day no-quibble guarantee for all products. So you can be confident you can get a refund. That is a two month time period to try it out and see how great it really is. Text the Romance Back will surely be an investment that will pay off with the passion and love you desire for many years to come.

Personalised Romance Novels For You And Your Partner

When it comes to personalised Valentine’s Day gifts, there may not be a more unique choice than giving your lover a personalised romance novel. These stories of passion and desire are ones that you and your other half can now be the stars in your own personalised book.

This is one of the most unique ideas for Valentine’s Day you will find, and will show that you put some thought into getting them something special that will be different than what any of your friends or relatives provided for their partner on this special day.

Personalised romance novels will star you and your lover in stories of spine-tingling adventure and exotic romance. These unique Valentine’s gifts can be personalised by simply filling in an online form with names for who you want to play the role of various characters, as well as your favourite music, food, and more. These personalised Valentine’s Day gifts can be set in a number of exotic places, such as the French Riviera or Barcelona.

You and your lover will find yourself in places where your sexual desires may not be possible to resist. Keep in mind that the names in the novel can even include your favourite celebrities. If you dream of taking Britney Spears out on the town and then sneaking into an alleyway for some random lovemaking, or licking whipped cream off of the chest of George Clooney, just include their names in your personalised romance novel.

Since there is different variations of how hot and steamy these novels can get, U Star Personalised Romance Novels supplies you with their own lovin-o-meter. Based on a one to four lips rating system, you will know exactly what you will be getting before ordering the personalised romance novel you seek.

One lip means suggestive language with fun and romantic love scenes, along with a bit of descriptive heavy petting. Two lips are more steamy versions which include vivid language and sexual scenes. Three lips are for those who prefer these unique ideas for Valentine’s Day to be of a scorching hot and steamy variety. These are suggested for readers over 18 only as not much is left to the imagination here.

Four lips novels, such as Amsterdam Lessons, are pretty much no-holds barred romance novels, so be ready to get raw and raunchy with this type of personalised novel.

These unique ideas for Valentine’s Day can be used as Valentine’s gifts for him or Valentine’s Day gifts for her. To get a feel for what these personalised Valentine’s Day gifts have to offer, you can even request a free personalised excerpt. Expect some passionate nights in as you and your partner sit and absorb your raunchy personalised book next Valentine’s Day.

Dhoom 3 and Their Promotional Tactics

The super hit franchise is back with its third installation and this time with Mr. Perfectionist, Aamir Khan bagging the lead. The film of course does have Abhisekh Bachchan and Uday Chopra but that again is a mere formality in the plot, isn’t it? Accompanying them in a gorgeous avatar is Katrina Kaif who is spreading her magic with the song Dhoom Machale. While the film is predicted to make a collection of over Rs. 200 crore, the film makers are making sure they get the maximum leverage out of the coverage before the film even releases. This will begin once Aamir Khan pushes his genius marketing tactics for promoting the film. But the question really is that does the film need promotion? Banking on the star cast and the past hits by the same franchise, the film is a sure shot hit. Also, considering the fact that no big banners are launching any movies during the same time, the film will not be at the split ends at the Box Office.

So the question still remains here that can the film break all records without being hard sold? Possibly yes and the reason for this is because Dhoom 3 has already sold off its satellite rights to Sony Max at a whooping price of Rs. 75 crore. And with brands like Mountain Dew and BMW coming into the picture as product associations, the film has gone beyond the mark of being a hit already. Though the formality of promotion would include new song teasers and launches to create excitement, the makers will make sure they do everything to make it big. Similar attempt was seen by the makers and the agency handling the social media of the film during the launch of the song Dhoom Machale. While the song has crossed a mark of half a million hits on YouTube, the trailer of the film has received over 10 million hits already. And since then no Indian TV channel has been missing out on the opportunity in showing either the teasers or the songs on their channels. Watch movie channels like Max and UTV or music channels like MTV, Mix and 9XM who have harped on the popularity of the song and have constantly fed it on their television schedule as well as on their online portals. The success of the songs and teasers will surely contribute to the success of the film, but will the film manage to break records and steal hearts we will find out on 20th December, 2013.

Characteristics And Procedure Of Oil Painting

In this modern world oil painting is become a special art. Artists use oil paint to make their thoughts into real one. So if your target is also the same then first you have to learn how to use the oil paints. There are different types of procedure for using the oil paints. But first you have to understand the different characteristics of oil paints.

Oil paints normally take more time period to dry in comparison with normal paints. It can be a one week or more then that to dry up. Due to this you get a chance to improve or find out all the flaws in the painting .Another feature of the oil painting is that it can look better when it is mixed with any another color. So it helps you to draw the shades exactly on you oil painting. More than this, a unique shine appears in your painting which will look great than any another normal painting. Oil paints are the best use for painting a human body because the paints base is same like the human complexion.

The greatest part of the oil painting is that in the time of drying it will not disappear just like any other water color. Rather than that oil paint carries a chemical form due to which its drying process take more time than the normal one. So from this you can again concentrate on your painting and its texture.
The best way for purchasing the oil paints:

There are various kinds of oil paints available in market and the rates also differ according to the quality of product. There are also different forms available in market like some oil paints are very solid and some are very thin. So at last choosing the suitable colors for the painting depends on your budget and also the type of expression you wish to express. Colors also play an important role in the painting because it will add soul in the painting.

You also have to buy some essential item because without which you will not be able to complete your painting and even wont be able to use the paints .Purchase any synthetic substitutes for oil paint or oil that can make your painting more beautiful. Brushes are also essential. In the market there are no of oil paint brushes but inflexible brushes are best suited with oil painting.

Purchasing Artwork From San Diego Art Galleries!

There are online San Diego art galleries that display different kind of artwork over their website. It is one of the best places to get artwork for potential buyers.

Online San Diego art galleries are the ones that exclusively sell original pieces of artwork through various talented artists situated throughout the world. Usually the art painting found at these galleries are original pieces and there are a few that will be classified as rare pieces which can really be very valuable.

A very good thing about online sites is that they offer free shipping to all the consumers throughout the world. In case you are looking forward to buy piece of art work for your home or for your office or for gifting purpose you are sure to find best options for all your needs.

You will be glad to know that the artwork offered at online gallery are available in wide choices which means that it is suitable to all budget. You will come across small inexpensive pieces of art and also large expensive ones. This is bound to suit all kind of budget.

Online art gallery is one of the best platforms for the artists as it offers them the opportunity to display their work so that they can reap all the advantages. Purchasers get the chance to pick wide range of artwork choices without the hassle of going to the art gallery or exhibition in order to select the suitable artwork.

San Diego art galleries online will allow the purchasers to check out the artwork directly and buy the selected pieces without the fear of any middleman earning the commissions. The result will be the profit for the artists and the buyers.

The customer can select wide range of artwork which differs from paintings, flora, landscape, canvas and other such things. A purchaser can check out for the objects of their own choices through browsing various kinds of paintings available at different prices.

The transactions that are made through these San Diego are safe, quick and reliable. With this there will be clarity in making business deals and assists in developing long term relationship with the customers. This will make the visitors to check out the site again and again in order to make more purchases.

It is essential that the art pieces are selected with care and much consideration. Apart from an artist’s point of view it is an expression of inner feeling that means freedom of expression. Hence make sure that you select the right San Diego online gallery for selecting the best pieces of art work.

Latest Models Of Blackberry In Dubai

Dubai is a world known market place for electronics, gold, mobile phones, carpets and rugs. Soon after the launch of reputed brands, they are released in this city. This place has the manufacturing units of most of the reputed brands.

Some of the famous shopping malls in Dubai are namely- Al Mulla Plaza, The Wafy mall, Lamcy Plaza, Mayaza Center, etc. These malls showcase the reputed brands for home appliances, consumer electronics, gold jewelry, perfumes, handicrafts etc. As Dubai port is completely tax free laptops, plasma TVs, video cameras, microwave ovens, etc are available at cheaper rates. Some of the reputed brands that find market grounds in Dubai are LG, Nikon, Canon, Blackberry, etc. Brand has found a strong market reach as compared to other countries. In fact the large chain of wholesalers and retailers, strong sourcing networks along with latest logistics facilities enables it in targeting the customers.

One can also buy . The entire product line reflects unique features that are looked for by hawk-eyed customers. Blackberry handsets in latest models are available with touch screen display, advanced messaging, slide out Qwerty key pad, etc. These are offered at attractive prices and make Dubai the most preferred shopping hotspot. helps to save on money. One can enjoy shopping as per ones budget and have the best deal and purchase worth money.

Shopping in Dubai is incomplete without a visit to the different souks. Basically traditional market places, there are different kinds of souks such as- spice souk, perfume souk, fish souk, etc. One can enjoy the best buy in these souks and have a wonderful shopping experience. The shopping hours in Dubai are generally 9 am to 1 pm and again from 4 pm till midnight. Dubai supermarkets remain open from Saturday to Thursday for 24 hours.